Dry eye is a common condition that occurs when the eyes are insufficiently moisturized, leading to itching, redness and pain from dry spots on the surface of the eye. The eyes may become dry and irritated because the tear ducts don’t produce enough tears, or because the tears themselves have an improper balance of water, mucus or oil.
Patients with this condition often experience irritating symptoms and can suffer from more serious vision damage if this condition is left untreated. It is important for patients with this condition to take special care of their eyes in order to alleviate symptoms and prevent complications. Your doctor can diagnose dry eye after a thorough evaluation of your eye and tear production through careful slit lamp exam. Also other tests including Flourescien or other tear dyes, and sometimes a Schirmer test or even osmolarity determination may be performed.
People usually begin experiencing dry eye symptoms as they age, but the condition can also result from certain medications, conditions or injuries. Dry eye tends to affect women more often than men, as the hormonal changes that take place during pregnancy, menopause and with the effects of oral contraceptives can affect the consistency of tears. It is also more common in people over the age of 50. Other causes may include:
These factors can affect the frequency or consistency of tears, both of which can lead to dry eyes. Our natural tears require a certain chemical balance in order to efficiently moisturize the eyes.
Patients with dry eye may experience certain symptoms from this condition, usually affecting both eyes, which may include:
In addition to being uncomfortable, dry eye can damage eye tissue, scar the cornea and impair vision. Fortunately, many treatment options are available to help relieve symptoms and restore health back to the eyes to ensure clear vision and long-term health.
LLCEA are Chester County's recognized experts on dry eye and related conditions; contact them at their Thorndale office today for more information and treatment options.
THE GREENVIEW PAVILION
3000 CG ZINN ROAD
THORNDALE, PA 19372
P : 610-384-9100
F : 610-384-3937